Moscow Polytechnic Museum by 3XN
3XN architects have designed an impressive building of the Moscow Polytechnic Museum which is one of the oldest and largest science and technology museums in the world.
About the Project:
The MEC is placed on the outer, University ring road, yet maintains a strong relationship with the existing, formal axis and semi-circle urban planning strategy. The building is lifted for entry, grandeur and in a respectful gesture towards the main MSU building and Masterplan. The western corner pushes down to capture student activities at a more human scale, while also acting as a terminus for the outer University ring road.The external form responds to the internal concept and spiraling movement around the social and learning hub while also reacting to its surrounding context.
The urban strategy is designed to be both approachable and interactive. The north-east facade responds to the grandeur and dynamism of both Lomonosovsky Avenue and the MSU tower with its ascending corner and proposed Media Facade. The south-west facade, both roof and vertical surface gradually descend and extend out towards the landscape, providing an activity space and amphitheater responding to a more human scale. Roof Café Terraces and seating are distributed around the building creating a visual and approachable building, ensuring interaction between the building and its surroundings.
The architectural concept starts from the inside out. It begins with the desire to create a social hub – a central space – encouraging both visual and physical interaction between visitors, users and exhibitions. This is achieved through a large, diagonally oriented atrium space which spirals upwards linking the various programmatic functions and visitor experience.
Shifting from the corner entry to the top-center of the roof, the atrium creates a light filled interior which penetrates deep into the building. The diagonal atrium provides deeper floor-plates at the lower levels for controlled, exhibition lighting, while creating thinner floor widths at the upper levels for non-exhibition spaces; optimizing day lighting. The ETFE roof has the capability to provide sun shading through an inflatable inner layer. The staircase follows the inner spiraling movement of the atrium and floor plates. The atrium’s terraces create double and triple height areas for exhibition, spreading exhibition and program information throughout the various programmatic zones, while also creating a strong sense of place and interaction.
Facade as Daylighting Control and Urban Information
The façade of the building allows for a variety of controlled daylighting scenarios through its twisting, horizontal lamellas. The simple horizontal system also allows for the integration of an interactive media façade to be seamlessly integrated under its projected surfaces. Thus, allowing the architecture to project information to its urban surroundings.
Functionally the building is quite simple. From ground level, visitors and users get a glimpse of the various program spread throughout the building with the most public program placed on the lower levels and the least public, research and lab based program placed on the upper levels.
The ground floor is a microcosm of the entire MEC, containing reception areas, flexible spaces, workshops, collections storage; and a large auditorium and café which can operate independently after hours to function as a cinema. Oriented around the main atrium at levels 1 and 2 are large, simply shaped gallery spaces along the front and back facades. These climatically controlled gallery spaces are designed for flexibility and can easily allow their exhibitions to extend into the double and triple height spaces around the atrium.
All back of house functions, offices, and collections storage areas are efficiently stacked between the gallery spaces and back of house elevators on the southeast edge of the building. This Back of House strategy allows staff and regular users access to these functions without the need to move through the open, visitor zones. Climatically, the MEC is zoned according to climatic needs. That is, the galleries and research spaces have a high level of climatic and environmental control systems while the public atrium spaces and offices utilize a more passively controlled system helping to balance the energy needs and make the building more sustainable.
Source Archdaily. *
Project: Moscow Polytechnic Museum and Educational Center
Designed by 3XN
Location: Moscow, Russia